algae as habitat

 

The Cooper Union
Master of Architecture II | Thesis 2016
Advisor: Diana Agrest, Michael Young

 
 
 
 

Location: Point Loma, California

Procystis Fusiformis species is one of many algae species in wide range of scales that is closer to microorganisms’ scale (300 nm (=0.0003 mm)). Despite the size, Procystis Fusiformis’s impact to the ocean environment is vast via its inherent quality of bioluminescence which is a natural light emitted from living organism. The thesis uses algae (1) itself (Procystis Fusiformis) as a tool for growing algae (2) (other species) in order to create not only more complex system of flora but also more diverse fauna by providing habitats for macro to microorganisms in sea life. 

The combination of the natural element (algae) and the artificial element that is also micro/nano-scale brings light into the deeper sea region where light cannot be absorbed normally. By enabling light distribution, it gives possibilities of algae’s growth and also other micro-organisms, fish, etc who use algae as their habitat and that creates more complex/rich ecological system. The intervention is minimal in physical/visual sense (unable to see the structure during daytime) but the impact on the surroundings is measureless.

An axonometric concept diagram proposing application of algae (nature) themselves as a tool to recover and cultivate algae (nature) to minimize intervention through artificial /nonnative materials. The intervention follows the idea of “inverted mechanism” of algae’s inherent properties and therefore the process starts from the top or surface of the ocean.

 
 
 
An axonometric concept diagram proposing application of algae (nature) themselves as a tool to recover and cultivate algae (nature) in order to minimize intervention through artificial/nonnative materials. The intervention follows the idea of “inverted mechanism” of algae’s inherent properties and therefore the process starts from the top or surface of the ocean.     Phase 1: Existing habitat + additive (algae)  Phase 2: Grow/reproduce/multiply  Phase 3: Occupy/control  Phase 4: Adapt/blend in-new habitat

An axonometric concept diagram proposing application of algae (nature) themselves as a tool to recover and cultivate algae (nature) in order to minimize intervention through artificial/nonnative materials. The intervention follows the idea of “inverted mechanism” of algae’s inherent properties and therefore the process starts from the top or surface of the ocean.

 

Phase 1: Existing habitat + additive (algae)

Phase 2: Grow/reproduce/multiply

Phase 3: Occupy/control

Phase 4: Adapt/blend in-new habitat

 
 
 

A scenario assuming changes few decades through 3 stage sections of underwater indicate the process of changes (from left to right) in kelp forest boundaries after installation of prototypes on site. The first section shows the first scenario when prototypes are just installed and collecting lights that will be distributed throughout deeper part of ocean during night time. The next section is the second scenario which is after few years when changes in the kelp growth starts to be visible. The last section is the third scenario, after few decades or more, when kelps or algae are grown fully and extend the boundaries of their habitat area to much deeper ocean. This new habitat may create more variety of types of algae through their morphological quality to adapt to new environments and conditions. (Scale 1:50,000)

 
 
An elevation of prototype in context of ocean water during the day while gathering lights from hairy solar panels projected out to the surface of ocean water for later usage during the night. (Scale 1:25,000)

An elevation of prototype in context of ocean water during the day while gathering lights from hairy solar panels projected out to the surface of ocean water for later usage during the night. (Scale 1:25,000)

A physical model simulating when prototypes are installed in the deep ocean (not in scale) during night time, emitting and distributing blue lights gathered during the day by Pyrocystis Fusiformis that are flowing inside the nano-channels of thousands of nano-fluidic tubes. The control of light amount and distribution will make the deeper ocean to be even possible to be a proper habitat area for algae species, enabling expansion of algae’s habitat territory ever than before.

A physical model simulating when prototypes are installed in the deep ocean (not in scale) during night time, emitting and distributing blue lights gathered during the day by Pyrocystis Fusiformis that are flowing inside the nano-channels of thousands of nano-fluidic tubes. The control of light amount and distribution will make the deeper ocean to be even possible to be a proper habitat area for algae species, enabling expansion of algae’s habitat territory ever than before.

 
 
A longitudinal section of part of nano-fluidic tubes filled with Pyrocystis Fusiformis species illuminating during night (bioluminescence) in context of ocean water. The blue light of Pyrocystis Fusiformis can penetrate farthest or deepest down to the lower limits of the euphotic zone than other light spectrum. (Scale 1:20,000) Prototypes that are used is a cluster of thousands of micro-fluidic tube with nano-fluidic system inside. Within the nano-fluidic tube, there is a non-channel or hollow core region that is filled with specifically Pyrocystis Fusiformis species which emits light called bioluminescence, produced from a chemical reaction within its body. Very tip of the prototype which is projected from the ocean surface, the surface of nano-fluidic tube is covered with hairy solar panel with silicon nano-wires that is 40 percent more efficient than other solar panels and flexible to install. Light absorption level is maximized by the exposed surfaces of nano-scale silicon wires which helps Pyrocystis Fusiformis to gather lights during daytime and illuminate during night time under the dark ocean

A longitudinal section of part of nano-fluidic tubes filled with Pyrocystis Fusiformis species illuminating during night (bioluminescence) in context of ocean water. The blue light of Pyrocystis Fusiformis can penetrate farthest or deepest down to the lower limits of the euphotic zone than other light spectrum. (Scale 1:20,000) Prototypes that are used is a cluster of thousands of micro-fluidic tube with nano-fluidic system inside. Within the nano-fluidic tube, there is a non-channel or hollow core region that is filled with specifically Pyrocystis Fusiformis species which emits light called bioluminescence, produced from a chemical reaction within its body. Very tip of the prototype which is projected from the ocean surface, the surface of nano-fluidic tube is covered with hairy solar panel with silicon nano-wires that is 40 percent more efficient than other solar panels and flexible to install. Light absorption level is maximized by the exposed surfaces of nano-scale silicon wires which helps Pyrocystis Fusiformis to gather lights during daytime and illuminate during night time under the dark ocean

 
 
 
 
A cross section/ sectional plan of final or 3rd scenario when changes in the oceanscape occurred. It is a section of prototypes and stipes of Macrocystis and other small algae around them underwater, indicating increased growth rate and tendency to inhabit nearby prototypes. The increased amount of algae and their new habitat boundary will create completely new oceanscape than before. (Scale 5:1)  

A cross section/ sectional plan of final or 3rd scenario when changes in the oceanscape occurred. It is a section of prototypes and stipes of Macrocystis and other small algae around them underwater, indicating increased growth rate and tendency to inhabit nearby prototypes. The increased amount of algae and their new habitat boundary will create completely new oceanscape than before. (Scale 5:1)  

An interpretation of left drawing where movement and traces of algae spores are represented in between the prototypes, flowing through currents. Movement of spores is the beginning of reproduction process, and the drawing implies influence and consequence of installation of prototypes to growth of algae species. (Scale 5:1)  

An interpretation of left drawing where movement and traces of algae spores are represented in between the prototypes, flowing through currents. Movement of spores is the beginning of reproduction process, and the drawing implies influence and consequence of installation of prototypes to growth of algae species. (Scale 5:1)